The Endesa Pavilion is an excellent example of sustainably designed architecture. It was designed by Rodrigo Rubio from the Institute of Advanced Architecture of Catalonia as a part of the Smart City Expo, and can be found at the Marina Dock in Barcelona, Spain. The self-sufficient pavilion is serving as a smart cities control room over the course of one year. This will involve the monitoring and testing of several projects related to intelligent power management.
The building is composed of a series of triangular modules, each equipped with a solar panel to collect photovoltaic energy. The geometries and angles of these protruding awnings were calculated using algorithms for precision. The components were then digitally fabricated using CNC machines. Assembly of the structure was completed in under a month.
The pavilion’s structure was designed around a number of factors. “The design optimises every point of the façade to maximise the capture of solar radiation in the solar panels,” says Rubio. The pavilion is covered by about 140 square metres in total. The building’s geometry also addresses the need for shade, natural ventilation, insulation and natural lighting. Inside the building, the triangular modules create pockets for sitting or storage. This has proven to be an efficient way to increase the liveable area of the structure on the same size footprint.
The box-like building is constructed out of natural wood and has a layout designed to optimise space and energy. The pavilion is meant to an accessible space, with easy to understand technology and functionality that should come across as transparent to the visitor.
The logic behind the Endesa Pavilion’s architecture is that the system of design is applicable to a range of building requirements, from a townhouse to an office tower. Differing building purposes can be addressed by simply adapting the architecture geometries while maintain the same approach to design. This strategy integrates and optimises energy and sustainability functionality.